Lack of Knowledge is Killing Our Teens. Part 3 (What Causes Depression?)

Compassionate Love: Displaying Compassion for Those Who Struggle with Mental Illness   (c)2016 Nancy Virden

cheyennedavisclassroomsitepictureYesterday was my second visit to a Cleveland public high school where students in seven classes welcomed me to share on depression, suicide, and how to be supportive of a friend who is struggling with either. Some comments I overheard proved once again that in general, our society struggles with deep wells of confusion about depression and suicide.

Lack of knowledge about any problem including depression, is dangerous because unhealthy and sometimes scary decisions are made based on loose or no facts. It’s uncomfortable to pursue knowledge sometimes, but challenging old beliefs can save a life.

With regard to finding a cause for a friend’s, loved one’s, or our depression, we can grow impatient when what we think we see does not effectively explain all the symptoms. For example, have you ever said or heard someone say that a depressed person should snap out of it and stop feeling sorry for him or herself?

The most common denominator between all human suffering is depression. “Causes”, at least the ones we wish to measure and describe, are limitless. Truth is, depression doesn’t have one cause. If only! How simple it would be to cure! You’ve seen the contradictions: one man loses his job and becomes debilitated while another man is out of work and remains hopeful; one mother constantly worries over her children, and a second does not; a teenager suffers a romantic break-up and becomes suicidal although a peer endures a broken heart without seeming to miss a beat.

Beyond Blue*, an organization devoted to study and education on the issue of depression, explains on its website what can cause depression. “Research suggests that continuing difficulties – long-term unemployment, living in an abusive or uncaring relationship, long-term isolation or loneliness, prolonged exposure to stress at work – are more likely to cause depression than recent life stresses. However, recent events (such as losing your job) or a combination of events can ‘trigger’ depression if you’re already at risk because of past bad experiences or personal factors.”

I often say depression is a disease, which it is. Maybe I have inadvertently encouraged a simplistic understanding, because depression is not a “simple” anything. Depression does not begin and end with chemical imbalance. Beyond Blue continues with how complicated depression is. “Factors such as genetic vulnerability, severe life stressors, substances you may take (some medications, drugs and alcohol) and medical conditions can affect the way your brain regulates your moods.”

Biological vulnerability to depression is similar to an undiagnosed heart condition. Everything normal people do, the one with the heart condition does until those same activities trigger the illness. Depression is a diagnosable and treatable disease. It can be affected by a move, parents’ divorce, isolation, bullying, difficulty with school work, or any other stress-inducing issue. Rather than a disappointment causing depression, that disappointment may trigger the disease.

Symptoms of depression are often confused with causes. For example, increased eating or lack of sleep can be symptoms of depression yet we want to say weight gain and exhaustion brought it on. Social withdrawal is common among those suffering from depression, so how easy it is to assume such a person only needs to go out for a while to feel better. images (18)

What is confusing is that we can slow our recovery process and aggravate our symptoms by using ineffective coping mechanisms. It’s the old cause-effect question.

For example, my way of coping as a child was to keep an emotional distance. That was ok; it served to protect me for some time. However as an adult, that same method harmed my friendships and served to keep me lonely, a trigger to depression. 

At any point, a less knowledgeable observer could have said, “Just open up and trust people.” That would not have made sense to me because I did not know what trust or open meant, how to do either, or if it were possible.

It does not seem plausible that millions worldwide who struggle with depression are choosing to not feel good. If you think about it, does it make sense that caring mothers and fathers would be wake up one day and decide they no longer want to enjoy their children? Teenagers, the ones we so easily accuse of being all about entertainment and instant gratification, are suspected of choosing, out of selfishness, the life-draining pain of depression?

No, depression cannot be simply written-off as stubbornness of will, self-centeredness, or even spiritual weakness. It is complex, and worthy of far more study than a broad-brush sweeping stigma that encourages people to blame themselves for their struggle. 

Just as depression has no one specific cause, it also has no guaranteed cure. The good news is it is highly treatable and manageable. Treatment has given me new effective tools for coping with stress and disappointment. Both medication and talk therapy help me to successfully maintain good mental health.

Next, this blog will attend to the question, “What causes suicide?” 

It’s important.

Stay tuned.


Comments are always welcome (see tab below).  NOTE: I am not a doctor or mental health professional. I speak only from personal experiences with and observations of mental illness. In no way is this website intended to substitute for professional mental health care.

If you are struggling emotionally today or feeling suicidal, or concerned about someone who is, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline 1-800-273-TALK (8255). Hope and help can be yours.



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